Journal Articles

Students are underlined.


Pereira, E., Birmingham, E., & Ristic, J. (2019). The eyes don’t have it after all? Attention is not automatically biased towards faces and eyes. Published online on January 2, 2019, Psychological Research. doi: 10.1007/s00426-018-1130-4.


Trevisan, D. A., Hoskyn, M. and Birmingham, E. (2018), Facial Expression Production in Autism: A Meta‐Analysis. Autism Research, 11: 1586-1601. doi:10.1002/aur.2037

Birmingham, E., Svärd, J., Kanan, C., & Fischer, H. (2018). Exploring Emotional Expression Recognition in Aging Adults using the Moving Window Technique. PLOS One, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205341.


Trevisan, D.A., Roberts, N., Lin, C., & Birmingham, E. (2017). How do adults and teens with self-declared Autism Spectrum Disorder experience eye contact? A qualitative analysis of first-hand accounts. PLOS One, 12(11): e0188446. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188446 [pdf]

Birmingham, E., Johnston, K.H.S., Iarocci, G. (2017). Spontaneous gaze following during naturalistic social interactions in school-aged children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Online First Publication, June 12, 2017,  The Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, doi: 10.1037/cep0000131[pdf]

Roberts, N., & Birmingham, E. (2017). Mentoring university students with ASD: a mentee-centered approach. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(4), 1038-1050. doi: 10.1007/s10803-016-2997-9 [pdf]


Trevisan, D.A., Bowering, M., & Birmingham, E. (2016). Alexithymia, but not autism spectrum disorder, may be related to the production of emotional facial expressions. Molecular Autism, 7:46, doi: 10.1186/s13229-016-0108-6 [pdf]

Trevisan, D.A., & Birmingham, E. (2016). Are emotion recognition abilities related to everyday social functioning in ASD? A meta-analysis. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders32, 24-42, doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2016.08.004. [pdf]


Trevisan, D.A., & Birmingham, E. (2015). Examining the relationship between autistic traits and college adjustment. Autism, 20(6), 719-729, doi: 10.1177/1362361315604530. [pdf]

Birmingham, E., Stanley, D., Nair, R., & Adolphs, R. (2015). Implicit social biases in people with autism.Psychological science, 26(11): 1693-1705, doi: 10.1177/0956797615595607. [pdf]


Dalrymple, K., Gray, A., Perler, B., Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., Barton, J., & Kingstone, A. (2013).  Eying the eyes in social scenes: Evidence for top-down control of stimulus selection in simultanagnosia. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 30(1), 25-40, doi: 10.1080/02643294.2013.778234 [pdf]

Birmingham, E., Meixner, T., Iarocci, G., Kanan, C., Smilek, D., & Tanaka, J. (2013). The Moving Window Technique: a window into developmental changes in attention during facial emotion recognition. Child Development, 84(4): 1407-24, doi: 10.1111/cdev.12039 [pdf]


Birmingham, E., Cerf, M., & Adolphs, R. (2011). Comparing social attention in autism and amygdala lesions: effects of stimulus and task condition. Social Neuroscience, 6(5-6), 420-435, doi: 10.1080/17470919.2011.561547. [pdf]

Dalrymple, K.A., Birmingham, E., Bischof, W., Barton, J.J.S., & Kingstone, A. (2011). Opening a window on attention: Documenting and simulating recovery from simultanagnosia.  Cortex, 47(7), 787-99, doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2010.07.00. [pdf]

Dalrymple, K.A., Birmingham, E., Bischof, W., Barton, J.J.S., & Kingstone, A. (2011). Experiencing simultanagnosia through windowed viewing of complex social scenes. Brain Research, 1367(7), 265-277, doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.10.022. [pdf]


Ford, S., Birmingham, E., King, A., Lim, J., & Ansermino, M. (2010). At-a-glance monitoring: covert observations of anesthesiologists in the operating room. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 111(3), 653-658. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181e627d4.


Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., & Kingstone, A. (2009).  Saliency does not account for fixations to eyes within social scenes. Vision Research, 49, 2992-3000, doi:10.1016/j.visres.2009.09.014. [pdf]

Birmingham, E. & Kingstone, A. (2009).  Human social attention: A new look at past, present and future investigations. The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2009, 118-140, doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04468. [pdf]

Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., & Kingstone, A. (2009).  Get Real! Resolving the debate about equivalent social stimuli. Visual Cognition, 17(6), 904-924, doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04468. [pdf]


Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., & Kingstone, A. (2008).  Gaze selection in complex social scenes. Visual Cognition, 16(2/3), 341-355, doi: 10.1080/13506280701434532. [pdf]

Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., & Kingstone, A. (2008).  Social attention and real world scenes: the roles of action, competition, and social content. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(7), 986-998, doi: 10.1080/17470210701410375. [pdf]


Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., & Kingstone, A. (2007).  Why do we look at eyes? Journal of Eye Movement Research, 1(1):1, 1-6, doi: 10.16910/jemr.1.1.1. [pdf]


Birmingham, E., Visser, T.A.W., Snyder, J.J., & Kingstone, A. (2007).  Inhibition of return: unravelling a paradox. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14(5), 957-963, doi: 10.3758/BF03194128. [pdf]

Smilek, D., Birmingham, E., Cameron, D., Bischof, W.F., & Kingstone, A. (2006).  Cognitive ethology and exploring attention in real world scenes.  Brain Research, 1080, 101-119, doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2004.10.005. [pdf]


Birmingham, E., & Pratt, J. (2005). Examining inhibition of return with onset and offset cues in the multiple cuing paradigm. Acta Psychologica, 118, 101-121, doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2004.10.005.

Book Chapters

Birmingham, E., Ristic, J., & Kingstone, A. Investigating social attention: A case for increasing stimulus complexity in the laboratory. Chapter in press in Burack, J. A., Enns, J. T., & Fox, N. A. (Eds.). Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology. Oxford University Press: New York, NY.

Adolphs, R. & Birmingham, E. (2011).  Neural substrates of social perception. In Calder, A.J., Rhodes, G., Haxby, J.V., & Johnson, M.H. (Eds.). Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK, pp. 571- 589.

Birmingham, E. & Kingstone, A. (2009).  Human Social Attention. In N. Srinivasan (Ed.), Progress in Brain Research, Attention, 176. The Netherlands: Elsevier, pp. 309-320.

Kingstone, A., Smilek, D., Birmingham, E., Cameron, D. & Bischof, W.F. (2005).  Cognitive ethology: Giving real life to attention research.  In J. Duncan, L. Phillips & P. McLeod (Eds.), Measuring the mind: Speed, control & age.  In honour of Patrick Rabbitt.  Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK, pp. 341-358.